Davanone, davan ether, davana furan and linalool are the major constituents of davana oil. Artemisia pallens is reported to have strong antiinflammatory activity and is topically active 15. The physicochemical characteristics, fatty acid composition and antioxidant capacities of artemisia pallens seed oil were determined in this study. The record derives from tica which reports it as an accepted name record 21f9b9488db64c359a5fdb71061f6d95 with original publication details. Phytochemical investigation of artemisia pallens ruikar. New host for ralstonia solanacearum in india article pdf available in journal of agricultural science and technology 1 january 2010 with 1,148 reads. Chinese medicinal plant, artemisia annua artemisinin, acts. Born to the artist orazio gentileschi at the beginning of the 1600s, when artists were the celebrities of the day, artemisia was apprenticed to her father at an early age, showing such remarkable talent that he viewed her as the most. A germacranolide from artemisia pallens sciencedirect. Aug 27, 2016 artemisinin and its derivatives are still one of the most effective drugs for the treatment of malaria. Valsaraj divisions of ethnopharmacology and ethnomedicine, tropical botanic garden and research institute. Artemisia annua belongs to the plant family of asteraceae and is an annual shortday plant. Methyl cinnamate, ethyl cinnamate, bicyclogermacrene, 2hydroxyisodavanone, farnesol, geranyl acetate, sesquiterpene.
Influence of plant growth stage on the essential oil content and composition in davana artemisia pallens wall. In other words, it penetrates the skin after topical administration and relieves inflammation. Pdf antimicrobial screening of medicinal plantartemisia pallens. Antimicrobial screening of medicinal plantartemisia pallens. Common names for various species in the genus include mugwort, wormwood, and sagebrush. The genus artemisia plants were selected because of the reported anthelmintic activity in their different species and their parts or products such as oil of flowers a. Green synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles. Three cycles of honeycomb selection for herb yield, applied on widely spaced individual plants of davana artemisia pallens wall. The plant grows in the same parts of southern india where also sandalwood is grown. Artemisia species in traditional chinese medicine and the discovery of artemisinin. The present study was initiated to explore in vitro propagation of. Extraction of the aerial parts of artemisia pallens afforded several sesquiterpene ketones not previously reported from davana oil, including a new 3,4epoxy. Air shade dried powdered plant material was extracted using. Davana is an annual, erect, branched, aromatic herb, 4060 cm high and covered with greyishwhite tomentose.
The moisture, oil content, fatty acid, iodine, peroxide, saponification values, specific gravity and refractive index were 4. Previously, biological synthesis of agnps by using artemisia pallens 22, artemisia capillaris 23 and artemisia annua 24was reported. Pharmacognostic and phytochemical investigation of aerial. Artemisias triumph is all the more startling because of the forces and circumstances with which she had to contend. Methanol extract of aerial parts of artemisia pallens wall was. Intraspecific variation in essential oil composition of the medicinal. Scientific research and essays effect of transplanting age. The aerial parts of artemisia pallens is mainly found in south india tamilnadu and then dried, extracted and calculate the percentage of yield. Pharmacognostic and phytochemical investigation of aerial parts of. Davana oil is obtained by steam distillation of the overground parts of the flowering herb, artemisia pallens wall. Ethnobotany, phytochemistry and biologicalpharmacological activities of artemisia ludoviciana ssp.
How davana is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Anthelmintic activity of some essential of artemisia pallens wall. Davana oil is known for its aromatic, antiviral, antimicrobial, antifungal, antispasmodic, anthelmintic, stomachic, antioxidant, aphrodisiac, nervine and mucolytic properties. Essential oil from plants of artemisia pallens davana oil. Physicochemical properties, chemical composition and. Micropropagation of an antidiabetic medicinal plant. The merck manual of diagnosis and therapy 16th ed, merck research. Artemisia pallens has been ascribed to possess anthelmintic and stomachic properties in. Artemisia pallenswall, a medicinally important plant, belongs to family asteraceae. However, to the best of our knowledge, there are no reports aimed to synthesize agnps by using a. Davanam sanskrit, marikolundu tamil, davana hindi, kannada. Karyotype analysis in artemisia pallens wall springerlink. Hello fellow wikipedians, i have just modified one external link on artemisia pallens. Artemisia pallens is an perennial herb type plant is a very common medicinal plant used for the various ailments.
Artemisia pallens, dhavanam from the sanskrit name. It has been widely used in indian folk medicine for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. The mechanism of antiinflammatory action of a sesquiterpene, 7hydroxyfrullanolide, appears to be inhibition of an nf. Leaves are bluishgreen in colour, alternate, exstipulate, petiolate, lobed to pinnatisect and covered with greyishwhite tomentose. Names of davana in various languages of the world are also given. It is this plant is used in ayurvedic system of medicines. Examples include wormwood, sagebrush, and tarragon. Furthermore, davana oil from artemisia pallens rich in davanone. Artemisia s triumph is all the more startling because of the forces and circumstances with which she had to contend. Davana is an aromatic annual small herb belonging to family compositae. Many species are valued as ornamentals for their attractive silvery gray foliage, which is frequently used in horticultural plantings to create contrast or to smooth the transition. Uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients in davana. Studies on aerial parts of artemisia pallens wall for phenol, flavonoid and evaluation of antioxidant activity.
Artemisia pallens oil is an essential oil obtained from the flowers of the plant, artemisia pallens, compositae. Artemisinin and its derivatives are still one of the most effective drugs for the treatment of malaria. The record derives from tica data supplied on 20120211 which reports it as an accepted name record a9f47a33cf0a4d67ad91574a012b0f8b with original publication details. Leaves are bluishgreen in colour, alternate, exstipulate, petiolate, lobed to pinnatisect and covered with greyishwhite. Pdf artemisia pallens wall, a medicinally important plant, belongs to family asteraceae. Following a comprehensive introduction to the genus, the book discusses the botanical, phytochemical and biological aspects of a number of important. It is distributed in certain parts of south india, especially in karnataka and tamil nadu. An experiment was conducted at department of seed science and technology, tamil nadu agricultural university, coimbatore during 2011 to optimize the age of seedling for transplanting davana to maximize the growth, herbage yield seed yield and seed. Steam distilled flowers of the davana plant grown in india mostly mysore. Pdf on jan 1, 2011, suresh j and others published antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of artemisia pallens find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate.
Pdf antimicrobial screening of medicinal plantartemisia. The plant itself is hairless and naturally grows from 30 to 100 cm tall, although in cultivation it is. The herb is highly priced and prized for its exquisite and deep, mellow, persistent, characteristically fruity odour. Artemisia species in traditional chinese medicine and the discovery of.
Artemisia, genus artemisia, any of a genus artemisia of aromatic herbs and shrubs in the asteraceae family. Sesquiterpene lactone, a potent drug molecule from artemisia pallens wall with antiinflammatory activity. Artemisia pallens is a preferred food for the larvae of a number of butterfly species. If you have any questions, or need the bot to ignore the links, or the page altogether, please visit this simple faq for additional information. The texture of lapierres plot is enriched by details of the artists craft, the world of the business of art, and the processes of law as well as the variegated details of the historical dimensions of the seventeenth century. In the present study, agrobacterium rhizogenes strain ncim. Germinated seedlings of artemisia pallens gave three types of cultures on ms medium supplemented with different plant growth hormones. Artemisia pallens has been ascribed to possess anthelmintic and stomachic properties in indigenous system of medicine. An international bestseller, artemisia is based on the passionate story of one of the western worlds first significant female artists. The selection had no adverse effect on essential oil content, davanone content in oil and plant height. Mugwort artemisia vulgaris, artemisia douglasiana, artemisia.
Antimicrobial screening of medicinal plant artemisia pallens. Artemisia pallens as corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in. Davana herb uses, benefits, cures, side effects, nutrients. Mar 22, 1999 an international bestseller, artemisia is based on the passionate story of one of the western worlds first significant female artists. The botanical description of davana, as given by narayana et al. Antimicrobial, artemisia pallens, bacillus cereus, methanol extract. Three cycles of honeycomb selection for herb yield in davana.
The mechanism of antiinflammatory action of a sesquiterpene, 7hydroxyfrullanolide, appears. Artemisia pallens is found in nilgiri hills, and has been used by the tribal people for various ailments. The present screening not only confirms the correct usage of the plant by the rurals but also enhances the creditability of ethnobotanical explorations. Pdf studies on aerial parts of artemisia pallens wall for phenol. Artemisia pallens wall, a medicinally important plant, belongs to family asteraceae. A comprehensive overview of this genus, artemisia examines all aspects of the herbs uses and applications, its mode of action and clinical importance. In order to search for antimicrobial activity of secondary metabolites, screening of aerial parts of a. A new germacranolide has been isolated from the aerial parts of artemisia pallens and the structure was established as 4,5.
Nov 21, 2008 studies during 19847 at the central institute of medicinal and aromatic plants, lucknow, indicate that during the cropping season of davana, the crop artemisia pallens was severely infested with the two species of root. Compositae, commonly known as davana or devanam in south india, is one of the minor but delicately fragrant items among the various species of artemisia yielding essential oil of commercial importance. Phytochemical studies of the hexane, chloroform, ethanol and chloroform water extracts. Volume 120, issues 23, 15 april 2010, pages 643648. Botany the botanical description of davana, as given by narayana et al. Enhanced production of an antimalarial compound artesunate. Dalrymple the key ingredient in the most effective treatments for malaria in africa artemisinin comes not from hightech research, but is an extract of an ancient chinese medicinal plant, artemisia annua, commonly known as artemisia. Davana oil has a strong and matchless natural odour and this is the main reason why it is used in the perfume industry. Nature has been a source of medicinal agents for thousands of years. Studies during 19847 at the central institute of medicinal and aromatic plants, lucknow, indicate that during the cropping season of davana, the crop artemisia pallens was severely infested with the two species of root. Artemisia pallens commonly known as dhavanam, is an aromatic herb belonging to the family asteraceae. Artemisia pallens is an perennial herb type plant is a very common medicinal plant.335 184 1636 871 54 1563 112 690 1066 1389 756 631 1083 1386 89 823 1573 101 1341 471 132 713 897 1317 1592 731 912 317 185 422 16 1153 1081 419 1328 409 531 1288