Provide a description of environmental factors that can be used by soil remediation experts in the field when deciding and applying phytoremediation. This matrix lists all abstracted resources alphabetically by document type, identifies the type of. Turn to the phytoremediation resource matrix located on pages ix through xxii of this guide. Phytoremediation mechanisms of heavy metal contaminated. Oil spill response with bioremediation agent type ea. A list of plants used in phytoremediation is given in table 9. When using this guide to identify resource information on phytoremediation technologies, you may wish to take the following steps.
Plant assisted bioremediation, sometimes referred to as a type of phytoremediation, involves the interaction of. Bioremediation bioremediation is the use of microorganisms to destroy or immobilize waste materials microorganisms include. Phytoremediation can be used to clean up metals, pesticides, solvents, explosives, crude oil, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and landfill leachates. This technique saves cost by accumulating low levels of contaminants from a widespread area. Types of the method of phytoremediation used depends on the type and amount of pollution, as well as what type of area it is found in. The method of phytoremediation used depends on the type and amount of pollution, as well as what type of area it is found in. Phytoremediation of tce in groundwater using populus. How does phytoremediation work environmental sciences essay. Phytoremediation is the use of plants to improve degraded environments. These plant are found in the brassicaceae, euphorbiaceae, asteraceae, lamiaceae and scrophulariaceae familes. Phytoremediation of camelina, switchgrass, and miscanthus in mine land soils of pa tyler bowe1, matthew robinson2, alison shuler3, edward gerst3, ben tabatabai3, matt reitzel3, shobha. Rhizoremediation, a specific type of phytoremediation that involves.
Summary of phytoremediation technologies and method of. In addition, the lookup format of this document allows the user to quickly scan available resources and access more detailed abstracts. Phytoremediation is a general term used to clean up contaminants using plants, or remediate sites by removing pollutants from soil and water chandra shekar et al 2003. The advantage of this method is its costeffectiveness and possibility of using in large scale hartman, 1975. Phytoremediation is a technology which can be applied in situ without moving or.
Different types of phytoremediation have different potential results, such as accumulation of heavy metals in specific plant organs, voltilization from leaf surfaces, alteration of the form or availability of. Phytoremediation for environmental clean up envis centre on. The method of phytoremediation used depends on the type and. Phytoremediation technologies applicable to different contaminant types 1,2 43 table 42. There are several different types of phytoremediation mechanisms.
Research demonstrates potential of plants to break down some types of explosives. Phytoremediation is a bioremediation process that uses various types of plants to remove, transfer, stabilize, andor destroy contaminants in the soil and groundwater. Growing and, in some cases, harvesting plants on a contaminated site. Twin cities army ammunition plant site c and site 129 3. The word phytoremediation comes from the greek word phyto plant, and the latin word remedium restoring balance. Phytoremediation, a strategy that uses plants to degrade, stabilize, andor remove soil contaminants, has been extensively investigated. Phytoremediation seminar report, ppt, pdf for chemical. In this context, phytoremediation is being increasingly adopted wherein certain plants are used to adsorb or degrade the pollutants. Phytoremediation, the use of green plants to treat and control wastes in water, soil, and air, is an important part of the new field of ecological engineering. The use of phytoremediation is limited by the climate, soil type. Phytoremediation of soils contaminated with heavy metals. This article throws light upon the three main areas of application of phytoremediation.
Mccutcheon, phd, pe, is one of the leading experts in the world in phytoremediation. Summary of phytoremediation technologies and method. The technology is a form of bioremediation the use of organisms to clean up contaminated soil and applies to all chemical or physical processes that involve plants for degrading or immobilizing contaminants in soil and groundwater. Phytoremediation potential of native plant species. There are several different types of phytoremediation. There are five basic types of phytoremediation techniques. Phytoremediation is one of the bioremediation methods used for remediating contaminated soil. Phytoremediation is an emerging bioremediation technology that uses the plant to remove contaminants from soil and water. Phytoextraction or phytoaccumulation is the process whereby the plants accumulate contaminants into the roots and shoots.
This technology has been used for hundreds of years to treat human waste, re duce erosion, and protect water quality. Phytoremediation is an emerging technology that uses various plants to degrade, extract, contain, or immobilize contaminants including metals, pesticides, hydrocarbons, and chlorinated solvents from soil and water. Pdf heavy metal contamination of soil and water due to agricultural and industrial activities is a. Phytoremediation is an emerging technology which involves the use of different types of plants to degrade extract, contain, or immobilize contaminants from the soil and water. Other large companies such as chevron and dupont were also developing phytoremediation. Phytodecontamination a subset of phytoremediation the concentrations of the contaminants in the soils of concern is reduced to an acceptable level through the action of plants. Phytoremediation types of phytoremediation notes pdf. Study on application of phytoremediation technology in. Phytoremediation involves growing plants in a contaminated matrix to remove environmental contaminants by facilitating sequestration andor degradation detoxification of the pollutants.
This file is licensed under the creative commons attributionshare alike 4. Give practical examples that illustrate possible phytoremediation applications. Phytoremediation of copper contaminated water using. Phytoremediationbioremediation through the use of plants whichmitigate the environmental problem withoutthe need to excavate the contaminant materialand dispose of it elsewhere. Phytoremediation of lead in residential soils in dorchester, ma lead paint was widely used until. The term phytoremediation comes from the ancient greek word phyto meaning plant and the latin word remedium meaning restoring balance. In the 1990s, there were several companies working with phytoremediation, including phytotech, phytoworks, and earthcare. Share your knowledge share your word file share your pdf file share your ppt file. This document was prepared for distribution by the groundwater remediation. Phytoremediation and rhizoremediation of organic soil. Introduction phytoremediation is a process that use of green plants to clean up pollution in the environment.
It is used of plants and trees to clean up polluted soil and water. A citizens guide to phytoremediation pdf file epatio. Phytoremediation is the use of living green plants for in situ risk reduction andor removal of contaminants from contaminated soil, water. Explore phytoremediation with free download of seminar report and ppt in pdf and doc format.
Also explore the seminar topics paper on phytoremediation with abstract or synopsis, documentation on. Recently, phytoremediation, which is an emerging technology, should be considered for remediation of contaminated sites because of its cost. Since its inception it has developed into an independent field of study and a widely applicable technology. Phytoremediation of camelina, switchgrass, and miscanthus. Research focusing specifically on the phytoremediation. Pdf the mobilization of heavy metals by man through extraction from ores and processing. The use of plants for the removal of heavy metals from soil and water offers a wide range of advantages.
Article types of bioremediation and their modes of action. Phytoremediation is a bioremediation process that uses various types of plants to remove, transfer, stabilize, andor. A citizens guide to phytoremediation pdf file, 88 kb united states environmental protection agency, technology innovation office. The remediation rate of phytoremediation is different with case by case, as the plant growth was influenced easily by the climate, soil conditions and management practices. Phytoremediation can be used to decontaminate large areas without damaging the land. Types of phytoremediation phytoextraction or phytoaccumulation. Species of the genus tamarix are well known as salttolerant plants with the ability. Phytoremediation is defined as the use of green plants and their associated. Phytoremediation is popular in theory due to its low establishment cost and relative simplicity. Phytoremediation was derived from other fields such as agronomy, forestry, chemical and agricultural engineering, microbiology, and many others.
Oil spill response with bioremediation agent type ea bearing out. Pdf phytoremediation of heavy metalsconcepts and applications. It is a technology that uses plants to treat environmental pollution problems. Phytoremediation is the name given to a set of technologies that use different plants as a containment, destruction, or an extraction technique. Site and contaminantspecific protocols are needed to effectively use phytoremediation. Phytoremediation may be applied to polluted soil or static water environment. It can be used to detoxify sites containing metals, pesticides, solvents, explosives, crude oil, hydrocarbons, and landfill leachates. Phytoextraction phytoaccumulation is the use of plants hyperaccumulators to remove contaminants from the environment and concentrate them in aboveground plant tissue fronts, trunks or leaves. Examples where phytoremediation has been used successfully include the restoration of abandoned metal mine. Phytoremediation of contaminated soil and ground water at. Provide an overview of common types of contaminants and phytoremediation applications. Uptake of the inorganic compounds which are generally in ionic or complexed form is mediated by active or passive uptake mechanisms within the plant brady, 1974, whereas uptake of organic compounds is generally governed by log k. The phytoextraction potential of a plant species is mainly deter.445 1105 1322 865 777 319 783 113 816 930 833 987 313 1673 476 163 547 1213 1229 114 504 1495 802 1478 70 1440 1349 157 933 1121 1017 1275 841 782 1422 686