This is surprisingly useful in situations other than radio where similar sounding letters need to be distinct. The standard phonetic alphabet for amateur radio comes from the international telecommunication union itu see below. More information on natos codes, signals and standards can be found on the nato. An example of how cute phonetics dont always work out. Use the standard ham phonetics, not the air force version, or the fire departments version or something you heard on tv. Feel free to share this graphic on your site, all we ask is that you link back to as the source. On the radio if you want the other person to understand you, you should use phonetics. This suggests that the ham radio phonetic alphabet isnt the same as the nato phonetic alphabet. Phonetic transcription is based on english pronunciation. Apr 18, 2015 passing messages in an emergency scenario is difficult at best. The anti phonetic alphabet the concept for this screwy idea came from a business trip that i had to take some years ago by automobile with a coworker to visit a contractor whose plant was located in.
The ham radio call sign and codes ham radio secrets. Phonetic alphabets historic, english and others via j. This handy operating aid contains four useful references including the utc time conversion chart, the itu phonetic alphabet, guidelines to using the rst system, communication procedures and good phone operating guidelines. Since then the itu phonetic alphabet has been in widespread use for all forms of radio communication from shipping to aeronautical and all forms of radio communications. The ham radio q code is a subset of a very much larger set of codes that is used by a variety of radio services from maritime, to aeronautical and much more. Using the nato phonetic alphabet will help insure you message is understood and gets through.
This alphabet is also referred to as the nato or international aviation alphabet, although the spelling of the words may change slightly. Its often difficult to distinguish certain letters when using voice modes on the radio. Phonetic alphabet this reference word list was developed to ensure that critical combinations of letters and numbers are most likely to be pronounced and understood by those who exchange voice messages by radio or telephone, regardless of language differences or the quality of the communication channel. Each word code word stands for its initial lette r alphabetical symbol. The most common one then in use was that of the allied armed forces. With our integrated learning system you will ace your ham radio license exam, and you will really get it. Alcorn vk2jwa language translator great dx tool from systran. Thus, whenever i want to make sure that my ham radio call sign is understood correctly, i will voice it like this. Phonetic alphabet the nato alphabet became effective in 1956 and, a few years later, turned into the established universal phonetic alphabet for all military, civilian and amateur radio communications. Jul 15, 2016 this phonetic alphabet is one way amateur radio operators try to eliminate confusion or ambiguity over the airwaves, especially when band conditions are poor. Standard itu phonetic alphabet sometimes referred to as nato phonetics a zillion phonetic alphabets. Santa clara county, california aresraces amateur radio phonetic alphabet. You are encouraged, but not required, to use the nato phonetic alphabet.
The nato phonetic alphabet is a spelling alphabet, a set of words used instead of letters in oral communication i. The phonetic alphabet is used to identify callsign letters in place of just saying the letter itself. The standard phonetic alphabet will help you to communicate your call sign and other information. This is often necessary when the letters in a particular call sign might easily be confused with other letters in the alphabet. Use of a phonetic alphabet as an aid for correct station identification is encouraged. Flaghoist communication ships use flags as signals to send out messages to each other. This is the phonetic alphabet that you should commit to memory for ham radio use. If you ever spent time on the hf bands, youve surely heard stations using words to spell out their callsigns or other pieces of information. Learn the basics of ham radio and how you can get your own ham radio license. The nato phonetic alphabet was developed in the 1950s to avoid the misunderstanding caused by poor radio acoustics where an s and an f for example are easily confused. Phonetic alphabets are meant for radio users to be able to pronounce and understand strings of letters and numbers regardless of. International morse code and phonetic alphabet at the cw resource center of nw7us. These were, however, based on the english language using words not suitable in other languages. It is officially the international radiotelephony spelling alphabet, and also commonly known as the icao phonetic alphabet, with a variation officially known as the itu phonetic alphabet and figure code.
While the phonetic alphabet may seem extremely simple, it is not. Prosigns, q signals and cw abbreviations used in amateur ham radio procedural signals prosigns for morse code c q calling any station does any ham not know this one. The itu made various changes to the alphabet during the next twenty years until a version was adopted by the international civil aviation organization icao in 1956 and finalized by the icu. The 26 code words in the nato phonetic alphabet are assigned to the 26 letters of the english alphabet in. Even with the use of headphones, it was easy for communications to become garbled. We are an amateur radio ham radio license preparation and education service dedicated to helping you develop the knowledge and skills you need to get on the air quickly, with competence and confidence. What is ham radio callsigns morse code voice modes digital data modes qrp operating. The nato phonetic alphabet is the most widely used radiotelephone spelling alphabet. As you will see, there are many more ham radio codes with special purposes. As noted in our 1999 handbook appendix 4, modifications have always been the result of members making proposals for changes, which were published in the journal and voted on by the associations council p.
The international phonetic alphabet and the ipa chart. Many operators use informal, alternate words america, germany, sugar, etc. A alpha n november b bravo o oscar c charlie p papa d. Nato phonetic alphabet a alpha n november b bravo o oscar c charlie p papa d delta q quebec e echo r romeo f foxtrot s sierra g golf t tango h hotel u uniform i india v victor j juliet w whiskey k kilo x xray l lima y yankee m mike z zulu. The proper use of the phonetic alphabet ensures your message cuts through noise and interference. If your vessel is threatened by grave and imminent danger and you are requesting immediate assistance. This phonetic alphabet is one way amateur radio operators try to eliminate confusion or ambiguity over the airwaves, especially when band conditions are. International morse code and phonetic alphabet cw at. The phonetic alphabet or radio phonetic alphabet is used to spell out words in a way that the letters can be understood. The official international phonetic alphabet, and its organization in a chart, is maintained by the association. Mar 29, 2020 the only thing you need to know about phonetics when it comes to ham radio.
By adopting the phonetic alphabet, pilots could communicate with each other, their control towers and ground forces they were supporting, without the errors that had been common beforehand. On the radio if you want the other person to understand you, you. The infographic above covers what bands each license class has access to, common q codes, the phonetic alphabet, and morse code. This alphabet, also known as the itu, international, aircraft and other names, was developed after world war ii. The same applies to a and o in swedish, though arlig and osten, from the swedish spelling alphabet, are also used. Nato phonetic alphabet a alpha n november b bravo o oscar c charlie p papa d delta q quebec e echo r romeo f foxtrot s sierra g golf t tango h hotel u uniform. For instance, the letter s is often confused with the letter f.
The ham radio call sign is the most often used ham radio code by ham radio operators when communicating with other amateur radio operators in the world. As far as i know, the usaf uses the nato phonetic alphabet. There are two standard phonetic alphabets, the natoicao alphabet, and. Quick reference operating aids american radio relay league. Nato phonetic alphabet alpha, bravo charlie, delta. Amateur radio phonetic alphabet santa clara county ares. A alpha n november b bravo o oscar c charlie p papa d delta q. While there are several standards, the phonetics below are accepted worldwide. The greek spelling alphabet is a spelling alphabet for the greek language, i. Alphabet list, alphabet symbols, quebec, tango, nato phonetic alphabet, ham radio operator, printable calendar template, things to know, teaching. Alphabet list, alphabet symbols, quebec, tango, nato phonetic alphabet, ham radio operator, printable calendar template, things to know, teaching resources.
Victor echo 2 delta papa echo instead of spelling ve2dpe. The ham radio community, by international agreement, has adopted the icao see acronyms below standard phonetic alphabet. Here is the internationally recognized itu amateur ham radio phonetic alphabet. The phonetic alphabet in use today is now a universally recognized standard.571 262 506 229 1407 656 134 255 242 46 29 536 551 1064 1407 906 1359 814 434 1666 421 1189 1462 1204 1090 912 1236 131 400 357 1625 1018 1154 693 511 490 1517 637 1152 790 804 1006 1250 523 1124 960 584